What is Travertine?
Travertine is a sedimentary rock that is made up of calcium based minerals. It is formed by the evaporation of water in hot springs. As the water evaporates the minerals are left behind. These minerals create the colours, the shades and the beauty that is travertine today. The colour of travertine depends on the presence of various minerals. This allows for a huge palette of colour choices ranging from ivory and light beige all the way to dark browns. Other colours such as red, pink, gold and silver are also available in travertine.
Why use Travertine?
Travertine is used widely in the world today. The main reasons for that is the beauty and versatility it offers to designers, builders and the end users. Its natural colour gives more freedom to designers. It is easier to install compared with some other kinds of natural stone. Cutting travertine is much easier than cutting marble. That is one of the reasons Romans chose travertine instead of marble when constructing their cities. Travertine became an extremely common material when they built homes, temples, baths, aqueducts and many huge amphitheaters. Travertine has withstood the test of time and today we see these buildings in many places throughout Europe and Middle East.
Today, travertine is one of the most versatile natural stones being used for indoor and outdoor purposes. It is used as floor and wall tiles, pavers, bench tops, furniture and building façades just to name a few.
Where is Travertine from?
We source our travertine from Turkey and Iran. Marble Matters only uses top quality travertine blocks for its tiles and pavers. Your purchase of travertine should not be based on the origin of the stone. You can get good and bad quality travertine from any country. When you invest in Marble Matters products we do not take it lightly. We understand the financial and emotional effects of your decision. Marble Matters only offers the best available product without compromising the quality.
What is Vein cut or Cross cut?
Travertine blocks are cut in two different fashions. Cross cut or vein cut. It is similar to cutting wood along the grain or across the grain. This gives every tile its unique look.
|Vein Cut||Cross Cut|
How do you take care of Travertine tiles?
The very important thing to remember is NOT to use any acid based or corrosive cleaners as this will damage the integrity of the stone. Instead use mild soap and detergents when cleaning your tiles. All they need is regular cleaning and vacuuming.
Is Sealing required?
Although sealers are not essential for your stone it is recommended, to fully maintain your tiles. To some extent, sealers can protect the natural stone products against spills. Sealing should be done as soon as your tiles are laid and the sealer’s manufacturer’s recommendation must be followed. Sealers are not guaranteed to be bullet proof and picking the right type of stone is much safer than simply relying on a sealer.
Vein cut: This cut exposes the striking veins and other unique characteristics of the stone, The finishes can be honed or polished. Cavities can be filled with cement or resin. Resin filling takes better polishing however would not be suitable for outdoor applications. Vein cut tiles tend not to be as strong as cross cut tiles.
Cross Cut: This cut exposes the various calcium deposits composed in travertine.
You can also choose the finish for the stone. These include:
Filled and Polished: The cavities are usually filled with cement based filling, mastic (glue) or clear resin before being polished. Having a glue or resin filling will polish better than cement fillings.
Filled and Honed : The cavities are usually filled with cement based filler
Tumbled : Cut travertine pieces are put in vibrating drums and the abrasives in the drums creates the worn look on the surface (and the sharp edges get slightly rounded)
Brushed finish: After honing the surface, wire and hard plastic brushes are used to give a leather effect on the cut travertine pieces.
Acid wash or sandblast: Not common on travertine.
Split face: Also called rock face. Cut pieces are split by impact. This finish is usually used on cladding pieces of walls and buildings.
Where can I use stone?
Stone tiles are quite versatile in terms of the colours and sizes that they come in. Stone can be used indoors or outdoors and it is absolutely perfect for both walls and flooring. Some ideas for using natural stone include;
flooring or wall tiling in living areas, bathrooms, kitchens and laundries, entrance ways, as a splash-back, cladding kitchen islands or cabinetry, flooring in your outdoor living areas, around your pool.
Is stone okay to use in the bathroom?
You can create a look in the bathroom that no other material could give. Stone is elegant, timeless and rich. Stone is luxurious and yet can still be competitive with high quality porcelain and other similar products.
Stone is always versatile. A modern or an organic look can be created by just selecting the right format and finish of a stone.
If you happen to need some more tiles later on, you will have more chance of finding a similar or same stone than porcelain tiles which appear to change colours faster than the seasons.
Whether you choose travertine, limestone or marble you are choosing a beautiful, natural flooring with rich, warm colouring. Its intriguing grain and subtle patterns make every stone wall and floor unique. You can choose to use matching stone vanity with the tiles or contrasting patterns to achieve the design effect you might be looking for. Different cuts and sizes of stone tiles could also enrich design layout.
Stone tiles on walls laid up to the ceiling will enhance the appearance of the room. It will give the entire room a warm and natural, yet sophisticated look.
Why should I use natural stone?
Today there are more and more designers using natural stone in their projects. The more experience they have with natural stone the more they fall in love with it. Natural stone is growing in popularity. Natural stone gives lots of flexibility to the designers. It is now quite common to see natural stone used in different parts of the home from walls to floors, from kitchen top to bathroom vanity tops, from outside pavers to wall claddings and many other uses. There is a wide range of beautiful natural colours available in stone.
Stone tiles are absolutely beautiful and they will enhance any style of home, from traditional through to an ultra modern look with ease.
Natural stone provides an elegance and a feel of luxury that simply cannot be matched by porcelain or ceramic tiles. Natural stone makes your design timeless, in other words your home / bathroom will never date. In addition to its beauty, natural stone is also durable, entirely free of harmful allergens and an ideal material for the Australian climate, remaining cool to the touch. The low maintenance of stone will pleasantly surprise you.
A designer who knows his colours and is comfortable with stone could make your home elegant and timeless. This should not cost you the world. It takes a lot to beat the beauty and character of natural stone, with every piece unique in terms of its pattern and texture. Currently, natural and earthy tones are more popular.
While man made stone products have been marketed widely and heavily, nothing can compare with the elegance and beauty of natural stone. Having said that it’s important to choose the right stone for the job; for external applications, use a stone with good weather-proofing qualities to ensure that it stands the test of time whatever the conditions, and avoid anything with a slippery finish for floors. Marble Matters pavers have a ‘W’ rating.
What are the types of natural stone?
Natural stone products can be used in many different places like bench tops, floor or wall tiles, pavers, around pools, cladding, sinks and bathtubs. Natural stone products are now more affordable than ever. Marble Matters offers quality products with economical prices.
There are several different types of natural stone available.
Granite – Granite is a volcanic rock and would be one of the hardest available. It is commonly used for flooring in heavily used areas (i.e. commercial projects). It comes in different finishes like sandblasted or flamed that achieves a high slip rating.
Marble – Marble is softer than granite and commonly used on walls and floors in residential projects. Marble offers a wide range of colours and usually takes a good polish. Marble could be used almost anywhere in the home. It makes your living area elegant and timeless.
Limestone – Limestone is usually softer than marble however it is still ideal to use in many places in your home. It is largely made up of materials such as corals and shells. There are many limestones available in light and earthy colours and would make any design sophisticated. Marble Matters has several different options of limestone and has experienced a growing demand in recent years.
Sandstone – Sandstone is a textured stone that is made up largely of grains of sand. It can be used on floors and walls. There are many different colourings and patterns available.
Slate – Slate is composed of quartz, shale and slate that has a textured finish. It looks like sheets of stone that have been laid and is available in a range of colours.
Travertine – The hardness of travertine is quite close to marble. It is a sedimentary rock that has a textured surface due to the natural cavities in the stone. These cavities are filled during the production of the tiles or can be filled as the tiles are being laid. Again like limestone and marble, it is very versatile and can be used in many places in the home.
Manufactured Stone – Manufactured stone is made by using stone chips or dust combined with cement or epoxy resins. Although it has stone in its structure, it is not the real thing.
Which type stone should I use?
It is worth consulting a specialist in stone tiles before you decide which type of stone you want to use for your particular application. Some types of stone are better suited as pavers or for swimming pool surrounds than others and some types of stone are more suitable for indoor use. Your consultant will be able to give you advice about which type of stone is best for you. Hopefully the type of stone you pick comes in the colour and size you prefer so you would not need to compromise your selection.
Can I install Travertine tiles?
As long as you could read and follow instructions, of course you can. Experience and the right tools obviously will help. A good tiler should generally grade tiles to ensure a beautiful blend in colour with a pattern consistency. If you have not done this before we suggest to work with someone who is more experienced with natural stone tiles.
What size tile should I use?
It is a personal choice. General rule of thumb is to use larger tiles in open and large areas and use the smaller tiles in smaller areas. Our suggestion is to use the biggest size your area can take. Our Mega French pattern might be just the right product for your place and design. Don’t always listen to your tiler who just might not be comfortable with laying big tiles. Get an experienced opinion.
How easy is it to maintain natural Stone tiles?
Stone tiles are incredibly durable and hard-wearing and they will last for many years. Their lifetime is measured in decades rather than years. You don’t need to worry about them wearing over time. The only maintenance that is needed is to clean them as you would any other hard surface. Avoid using any harsh chemicals or acid based products on your natural stone. Talk to a sealer specialist if necessary. Most stone tiles do not stain as easily as some people tend to believe.
The fact that stone tiles have remained intact in dwellings thousands of years old is a testament to their longevity. When you lay stone tiles in your home, garden or patio, you can expect them to last as long as you live in your home and add value to your home should you decide to sell.
Is natural stone expensive?
Stone is usually more expensive than other types of flooring . You need to compare the price always with the quality. A decision purely based on price could be an expensive experience. Marble Matters’ products offer the best match in quality and price. With reasonable maintenance, your stone tiles will last for decades rather than years. They will always look as good as they did on the first day. In fact in many cases, they will look better as only stone improves with age unlike those that become worn out, faded and dull looking.
How much extra quantity should I buy?
Buy more than you think you are going to need. A common practice is allowing at least 10 percent more than the net area. You also need to consider the shape of the area that might require extra cutting. If your tiles have beveled edges, then you would not be able to use every cut tile so you might need to allow for more. With some extra tiles you will also be able to select the better pieces to use. This will save you several trips between shop and home. It is quite common for our customers to make costly and time consuming mistakes by not ordering enough. Get an experienced person to measure and quote.
What is bluestone?
The term bluestone is commonly used in a loose sense to cover a range of stones. It is a convenience label rather than a geological term. In Victoria, bluestone is a basalt whereas in South Australia the name bluestone is given to a form of slate which is less durable than Victorian bluestone . Bluestone (basalt) can be used indoors and out – for cladding, paving, stairs, coping, kitchen and bathroom counter tops, pool surrounds, garden edging, commercial and domestic floors and retaining walls.
What are the advantages of permeable paving?
* Permeable paving surfaces are highly desirable because of the problems associated with water runoff from paved surfaces. Part of the problem is creating an unnatural volume of runoff from precipitation, which causes serious erosion and saltation in streams and other bodies of waters and also the washing off of vehicular pollutants.
* Permeable paving surfaces keep the pollutants in place in the soil or other material underlying the roadway, and allow water seepage to recharge groundwater while preventing the stream erosion problems.
* They capture the heavy metals that fall on them, preventing them from washing downstream and accumulating inadvertently in the environment.
* In the void spaces, naturally occurring micro-organisms digest car oils, leaving little but carbon dioxide and water; the oil ceases to exist as a pollutant.
* Rainwater infiltration through the pavement into the underlying soil reduces stormwater volume and restores natural subsurface flow paths.
* The cost of porous pavement, with its built-in stormwater management, is usually less that that of an impervious pavement with a separate stormwater management facility somewhere downstream. Porous pavements give urban trees the rooting space they need to grow to full size.
A “structural-soil” pavement base combines structural aggregate with soil; a porous surface admits vital air and water to the rooting zone.
This integrates healthy ecology and thriving cities, with the living tree canopy above, the city’s traffic on the ground, and living tree roots below.
What is Kalesinterflex?
Kalesinterflex is a porcelain ceramic panel with a thickness of only 3mm and with dimensions of 1000 x 3000mm. It is the thinnest, biggest and lightest porcelain ceramic panel available.
Tiles cut from panels are also available. There are two standard thicknesses available; 3 mm and 5mm. The panels are made as plain (no mesh behind), fitted (with mesh) and laminated (3+3 or 5+5). Standard tile sizes (in cm) ; 100×100, 50×300, 50×150, 50×100, 50×50, 20×150,5×100.
- Its size
- Light weight; 3mm thick panels weigh only 21 kg/m2.
- Flexibility; (1000x3000x3 mm panels – radius of 5.5 m)
- Fire Resistance (Category 0)
- Chemical Resistance
- Is cut/drilled by standard glass and ceramic cutters & drills
- Easy to clean
- Eco friendly; less raw material/less water/less electricity/less CO2 emission to produce
Kalesinterflex can be laid:
- On walls and floors; on plaster board, on gypsum, on cladded gypsum, on separated gypsum board, on existing wall paint, on existing tiles, on concrete blocks, as splash-backs in kitchens
- Facade Systems; Hidden Clips System (mechanical), fitted with adhesive on construction
- Special Systems; Hygienic areas such as laboratory counters, hospital walls & floors, surgery rooms, food manufacturing plants, dividing panels, furniture applications, modular constructions
Some of the areas Kalesinterflex is used:
Hotels , Business Centers, Shopping Centers, Shop Fitting, Luxury Residences, Factories, Warehouses, Restaurants / Cafes, Hospitals, Laboratories, Marine industry, Food processing areas, furniture industry
What does Kalesinterflex offer to the professionals?
Kalesinterflex is a product preferred by professionals due to its unique properties, ease of use, specifications and longevity. Kalesinterflex adds a new perspective to architecture and construction technology. It allows new ideas to be put into practice and create modern living spaces.
Kalesinterflex, with its freedom of change in dimensions and easy processing (to polish surface, to decorate, easy cut and drill) is of assistance to architects to show their own style and originality in projects. It creates modern areas with a unique design as surface styles are always in the process of improvement. With its colors, designs, fabric, lightness and composite properties (not to fragment when broken down), Kalesinterflex creates the most suitable system and detailed solution for architects. Kalesinterflex creates smooth, fashionable and modern surfaces for every application. The product represents the latest trends and opens up new frontiers for the sector.
Kalesinterflex is preferred in internal areas mostly because of its thickness and lightness. Due to its size, less joints occur which causes less dirt accumulation. The thickness allows Kalesinterflex to be implemented onto the material on the surface without demolishing the existing floor covering. Kalesinterflex causes neither thickness occurrence nor heaviness on the surface. That it can be cut into various sizes is another reason of its preference.
What thickness should I use?
Internal area wall applications; 3mm with or without mesh
Internal floor applications; 5mm with or without mesh
Façade applications; 3mm or 5mm with mesh
Internal partitions; 3+3 laminate,
Laboratory counter tops/ bench tops; 5+5 laminate, 5mm with mesh
How easy is it to break?
Kalesinterflex is a fragile product as it may break by an impact force . This would be the same for glass and other materials that are used on walls and floors. The most important thing is proper installation of the product. If there is no void left behind the panel (i.e. the adhesive completely spread), the product becomes more durable against impacts and loadings.
How easy is it to clean?
Kalesinterflex is a porcelain ceramic that has the smallest water absorption ratio in the world. Permanent dirt never accumulates on such a material because dirt cannot penetrate into the material chemically. If it gets dirty, it can be cleaned with any cleaning material and water.
Does the colour tone change in production?
In the porcelain ceramics production, at least a little tone difference occurs from one batch to another. The difference does not occur throughout the same batch.
- It requires only 25% of the raw material used per m2 in than a standard tile
- Its production requires 8 liters of water/m2 whereas a standard tile requires as much as 50 liters of water/m2.
- Its production requires 3 times less natural gas and 4 times less electricity compared with the production of a standard ceramic tile
- Its production has 20 times less gas and dust emission and has 1,000 times less CO2 emission
If you have any questions please send us an enuiry below.