7 Surprising Facts About Marble and Marble Tile
For hundreds of years, marble tile and marble stone have been widely used in construction. In fact, marble was the primary material used to build the centuries-old Taj Mahal, the Pantheon in Rome, and the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Here in Australia, too, marble is a popular building material. The Parliament House in Canberra, for example, utilised the stone for its Marble Foyer which features 48 columns wrapped in green Italian Cipollino marble, as well as Paradise White marble tile flooring.
These are just a couple of interesting tidbits about marble. There are dozens.
Here are a few of our favourite quick facts about marble:
Marble Is Created Over Hundreds of Years
Marble is a metamorphic stone. It starts life as limestone or dolomite that’s buried in the Earth. Over hundreds of years, immense pressure and high heat compacts and transforms the original limestone. The result is large blocks of marble that are harder, denser and more colourful than the original stone.
All Marble Has One-of-a-Kind Patterning
The distinctive veining patterns are one of the most recognisable elements of marble stone. These patterns are created by small minerals that fill cracks and fissures in the original limestone. As the stone is subjected to pressure, the minerals crystalise, creating those reflective, glistening veins throughout.
Marble Is Available in Numerous Colours
We tend to associate marble with white, cream or grey tones, but that’s not the case. Marble is available in dozens of shades and varieties, which are typically available by region. Swedish green marble, for example, originates in Sweden, and it has a dark forest green hue. Classic Carrara marble, on the other hand, is white or blue/grey stone that’s commonly found in Italy. Popular marble choices other than the classic creams and beige include reds, violet and black.
Marble Does Not Hold Heat
There’s a reason marble has been used for buildings in the Mediterranean and India – the stone is heat resistant. Whereas concrete or wood absorb and hold heat, marble tile does not heat up as quickly or absorb the energy. Therefore, in hot climates, it can help to naturally cool interior spaces.
Marble Is Extremely Durable
Marble’s density and durability are key reasons the Taj Mahal and the Pantheon still stand today. On the Mohs rating scale, marble ranks a 2.5 to 5, meaning it’s about average in terms of hardness, but when properly installed, it can last generations. (Comparatively, granite ranks about a 7 to 8.)
Marble Is Hypoallergenic
Marble’s density and low porosity also make the stone hypoallergenic in buildings. Carpet, for example, can collect dust and animal dander, and wood can mould and bow when wet. Marble, though, does not collect allergens, and therefore, it’s a popular choice for homeowners with any allergy concerns.
Marble Gets Its Name Due to Its Gloss
Marble has long been renowned for its reflectiveness. In fact, the word marble originates from the Greek word “marmar” – a verb that means “to glisten.”
Looking for marble stone or marble wall tiles? Marble Matters can help. We supply high-quality stone products throughout Australia.